July 5, 2022

Listening to a Suo Motu PIL on space crashes just lately, the HC got here down like a ton of bricks at the BMC, pronouncing that civic officers should be held answerable for space crashes and face legal motion. On the other hand, now not all space crashes blames may also be laid at their door. Every now and then, the cause of space crashes is a lacuna within the regulation or a nasty regulation itself. One such lacuna used to be sought to be crammed final week via a proposed modification to the Unified Building Regulate and Promotion Legislation. This modification extends the provisions underneath DCR 33(7), which can be at this time to be had to citizens of previous and dilapidated constructions, to these constructions which were reconstructed via MHADA through the years, and in addition to these constructions which were constructed via BMC for housing tenants and that have finished 30 years and are attaining the tip in their lifespan.

Now, anything else to do with redevelopment and MHADA is observed with nice suspicion, given tragedies comparable to Patra Chawl. On the other hand, this can be a other case. It’s about 388 chawls within the Parel-Worli space which have been redeveloped via MHADA 30 years in the past however had deteriorated through the years to the purpose the place they’ve develop into creaky. And those aren’t any exceptions; the Manora MLA hostel at Nariman Level began falling aside in 30 years and has been razed for reconstruction. In fact, loss of upkeep does play an element within the deterioration of RCC buildings, however they aren’t as long-lasting as regarded as. Concrete, on its own, can final centuries however concrete embedded with metal, sturdy as it’s, is nowhere as sturdy. Metal is made basically of iron, and one in all iron’s unalterable homes is that it rusts. This ruins the sturdiness of concrete buildings in techniques which can be tough to hit upon and expensive to fix.

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Coming again to those 388 constructions, there used to be no regulation underneath which they may well be redeveloped. Their standing as MHADA-owned homes and a cap on FSI made them unattractive for personal builders. And MHADA has its arms complete. In impact, hundreds of households had been condemned to residing in vertical slums which might come down crashing anytime like a pack of playing cards. Observed on this mild, the modification, which went neglected, is a step against city renewal in a space-starved town with large housing inequities. It is also a method to the human rights factor because the citizens of those constructions have a proper to are living with dignity. On the other hand, it’s nonetheless a piecemeal method to city renewal which wishes a holistic means. One should additionally ask if the federal government should all the time be on the mercy of personal developers.

The modification into consideration awards an FSI of three, plus an incentive FSI, whichever is upper, to raze and redevelop those 388 constructions and give you the previous tenants with 300 sq feet. residences at the identical plot. Even supposing, the possession of the construction stays with MHADA. The case additionally raises a query; shouldn’t government repair a lifespan for those constructions on the outset and take accountability for his or her redevelopment? Failure to try this would lead them to appear to be “pawns’’ by the hands of vested pursuits because the HC noticed within the Suo Motu PIL. Most likely, one can take the instance of Japan, which has mounted a lifespan of 30 years for the pre-fabricated properties that got here up within the post-war housing increase. Properties constructed within the 70s and 80s had now not best completed their lifespan, the wishes of the Eastern households occupying them modified, and new parts like safety, parking, aesthetics, and so forth. had been regarded as whilst rebuilding the brand new properties. That is the case with hundreds of constructions built via MHADA and CIDCO in Mumbai and Navi Mumbai, to not discuss of the lakhs submit via shady non-public developers within the far away suburbs.

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With the roadblocks cleared to facilitate redevelopment of non-cessed constructions within the island town, the City Building Division may well be having a look at a brand new alternative to result in social and financial inclusivity within the island town. For example, the making plans government and the federal government of the day had been accused of turning the mill lands of Mumbai into an unique zone for the wealthy with swank high-rises and department stores changing the turbines and previous chawls. With the realty charges on this city core stretching past creativeness, the `Marathi Manoos’ has been driven out from his house to the far away suburbs.

The brand new Legislation 33 (24) to the DCPR may just assist prevent the migration of the `Marathi Manoos’ and convey inclusivity on the native stage if the regulation mandates that the sale element has a quota for the LIG, MIG, HIG, and EWS. This can be a completely attainable and commercially viable possibility as maximum properties offered lately are the smaller residences. Additionally, offering fairly reasonably priced properties guarantees that building advantages are similarly shared via all sections of society.

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Printed on: Monday, March 14, 2022, 09:02 AM IST